Saturday, January 09, 2010

Our findings suggest that paternal age may be a risk factor for some multifactorial birth defects

Ann Epidemiol. 2010 Jan 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Association of Paternal Age and Risk for Major Congenital Anomalies From the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, 1997 to 2004.
Green RF, Devine O, Crider KS, Olney RS, Archer N, Olshan AF, Shapira SK; The National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Atlanta, GA (R.F.G., O.D., K.S.C., R.S.O., S.K.S.); Texas Department of State Health Services; Austin, TX (N.A.); and Department of Epidemiology; University of North Carolina; Chapel Hill, NC (A.F.O.).

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the associations between paternal age and birth defects of unknown etiologies while carefully controlling for maternal age. METHODS: By using 1997 to 2004 data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, we fit logistic regression models with paternal and maternal age as continuous variables while adjusting for demographic and other factors. RESULTS: Elevated odds ratios (ORs) for each year increase in paternal age were found for cleft palate (OR. 1.02, 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.00-1.04), diaphragmatic hernia (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.06), right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (OR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.01-1.04), and pulmonary valve stenosis (OR, 1.02, 95% CI, 1.01-1.04). At younger paternal ages, each year increase in paternal age correlated with increased odds of having offspring with encephalocele, cataract, esophageal atresia, anomalous pulmonary venous return, and coarctation of the aorta, but these increased odds were not observed at older paternal ages. The effect of paternal age was modified by maternal age for gastroschisis, omphalocele, spina bifida, all orofacial clefts, and septal heart defects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that paternal age may be a risk factor for some multifactorial birth defects. Published by Elsevier Inc.

PMID: 20056435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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1 Comments:

At 1:32 PM , Blogger 皮克 said...

人生最可憐的是半途而廢,最可悲的是喪失信心,最遺憾的是浪費時間,最可怕的是沒有恆心。..................................................

 

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